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Holden

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Holden
Holden Logo
Years Active 1856 - Present
Nationality Flag of Australia Australia
Appears in Gran Turismo 4
Gran Turismo 5
Gran Turismo 6

GM Holden Ltd., or simply Holden, is an automaker that operates in Australia, based in Port Melbourne, Victoria. The company was founded in 1856 as a saddlery business, but later moved into the automotive field, becoming a subsidiary of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) in 1931. The first model to be sold as a Holden was the 48-215 of 1948. Holden has taken charge of vehicle operations for GM in Australasia and, on behalf of GM, holds partial ownership of GM Daewoo in South Korea. The automaker commonly badge engineers vehicles for many other automakers, which include Toyota, Chevrolet, Nissan and Vauxhall. Although Holden's involvement in exports has fluctuated since the 1950s, the declining sales of large cars in Australia has led the company to look to international markets to increase profitability. The Kingswood, one of Holden's best known cars, was launched in 1968. Holden's flagship model, the Australian-made Commodore, was Australia's best selling car until 2011, when the BL-series Mazda3 outsold it. In 2000-2001, Holden began work on the hand-made Efijy concept car, completed in 2005. It was based on the floor pan of the Chevrolet Corvette, and had front end styling based on the famous FJ model from 1953-56, and is powered by a supercharged version of the Corvette's 6.0-litre V8 engine. When taken to the United States, Efijy won every single hotrod contest it was entered in. Holden currently produces the Commodore large car, Caprice luxury car and Cruze small car at its assembly plant in Elizabeth, South Australia. On the 11th of December 2013 Holden announced that production of these models will end in late 2017. They also announced in early 2015 that they will launch 24 new models and 36 new drivetrains by 2020. Holden launched the Opel's Astra OPC, Cascada and Insignia OPC models as the Holden Astra VXR, Cascada and Insignia VXR models in 2015.

Appearances in Gran TurismoEdit

Holden made it's debut appearance in Gran Turismo 4. The automaker also appears in Gran Turismo 5 and Gran Turismo 6.

Gran Turismo 4Edit

Gran Turismo 5Edit

Gran Turismo 6Edit

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